Tuesday 18 June 2024
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The Great Many Secrets of the forgotten city of Gonur
In the Bactria–Margiana* Archaeological Complex (BMAC), you can find in this Bronze Age culture of Central Asia, dating : 2300–1700 BC,  and located in  the present day Turkmenistan,in the ancient delta of the Murghab river, southeastern Turkestan, a special site named Gonur Tepe.
The City of Gonur Photo:by TomColeHali
tapisserie de gonurThis incredible site was documented by the Greek-Russian archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi. He discovered there a palace, a fortified mud-brick enclosure, and temples with fire altars dedicated to the Zoroastrian religion. Sarianidi declared it as the 5th oldest civilization on earth not just a culture but a lost civilization.
Other researchers found an incredible similarity between the city structures architecture and Bronze age artifacts with the designs that can be found in turkoman weavings. Have a look you will decide !
This is indicating a higher level of sophistication regarding their conceptualization of their proper civilization, a deeper meaning of their every day life, with many layers of understanding depending of your awarness and level of knowledge.
Turkoman tapestry designPhoto: by T.Cole
map turkestan gonur
Turkestan's map
Dr Sarianidi regards Gonur as the "capital" of the complex in Margiana throughout the Bronze Age. He found, impressive fortification walls, gates,temple, palace. But also extensive irrigation systems I am studying for their possible similarities with the ones I am studying for years in Egypt, in Fayum and delta. Models of two-wheeled carts from 3000 BC were found also beside...

Dr Sariadini found also dishes with traces of cannabis, poppy and ephedrine. According to him, this discovery strengthens the theory that these were the ingredients of soma saying that this was only for the use of some priests in very restricted religious ceremonies. The soma सोम sóma, which is mentioned in the Rigveda or haoma (in Avestan books) was a  wellknown ritual drink supposed to give immortality...
According to the Zoroastrian holy book the Avesta, the drink called the Haoma represents a deity that can cure all sufferings...
Now what I found is that in Avestan language the word: hauma also survived as middle Persian hōm and as the Persians used the phonetic "Ha" instead of "Sa" in their language they called this elixir of life: Parahoma or Pharaoma... Pharaoh + Ma, and Ma in african ancient suffixes always means: a liquid or fluid... so are we facing the: sacred beverage of the pharaohs? I really think we are not very far from the egyptian elixr of life... And then something that I found very interesting is that in modern biology they called the cellular body, it is to say the central part of a neurone: soma ( Greek σῶμα, meaning "body", or pericaryon)... and the greecian name pericaryon translation is: "around the nucleus"... is it not what we find in the architecture special design of Gonur town ?... And the Soma in modern biology is also giving the energy potential for the human being and it is the center for the cells renewal... You can imagine: I continue my book writing about the oldest elexir of life !
Text credit: AntoineGigal, Feb2012 All right reserved.

The Logo of the biologic datas plateform ELIXIR (European Life-Science Infrastructure for Biological Information).
*Bactria= Greek name of Bactra today :Balkh +Margiana :Greek name for the Persian Margu, the today Merv capital of Turkmenistan.


  • Bakels, C.C. 2003. “The contents of ceramic vessels in the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex, Turkmenistan.”in Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies, Vol. 9. Issue 1c (May 2003)
  • Site victor sarianidi

Gigal Research 2013 - 2015